COP21 All the world’s major economies have now announced national pledges to address climate change ahead of UN’s Climate Change Conference COP 21 in Paris. But analyses show that global warming will still not drop below 2°C.

The Climate Conference will begin on 30 November. With less than two months to go, 140 countries have announced their pledges to combat greenhouse gas emissions to the UN.

The last of the world’s major economies to announce its pledge was India. The country vows to lower the rate of increase from burning fossil fuels while investing heavily in wind, solar and other clean-energy alternatives. India claims that under the plan its economy can still grow sevenfold by 2030 from 2005 levels, while carbon emissions will only triple.

First time below 3°C
The combination of government climate action plans, if implemented, would bring global warming down to 2.7°C, according to an analysis released by the Climate Action Tracker (CAT).

This is the first time since 2009, when the CAT began calculating temperature estimates from climate action pledges, that projected warming has dipped below 3°C. 

“The biggest contributing factors to the change in our temperature estimate since [the COP20 in] Lima have been China and India,” said Louise Jeffery of the Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research.

CONSEQUENSES to be faced
With temperatures still surpassing the 2°C red-line, this means that the earth would still face more dangerous effects of climate change, including droughts, extinctions of species, floods and rising seas, which could swamp coastal regions and entire island nations.

More on COP21
Climate at stake in Paris 
Vattenfall’s position (pdf)
INDCs lower projected warming to 2.7°C: significant progress but still above 2°C 

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